High-intensity focused ultrasound facial, referred to as HIFU facial, is a non-invasive treatment for facial aging. This procedure is part of a growing trend in anti-aging treatments that can provide some of the benefits of facelift without surgery.
According to data from the American Academy of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, the popularity of non-surgical procedures increased by 4.2% in 2017.
These less invasive treatments have a shorter recovery period than surgical methods, but the results they provide are not as significant and will not last long. Therefore, dermatologists recommend using HIFU only for mild to moderate or early signs of aging.
In this article, let’s take a look at what this process involves. We also studied its effectiveness and whether there are any side effects.
HIFU facial care uses ultrasound to generate heat in the deep layers of the skin. This heat damages target skin cells, causing the body to try to repair them. For this reason, the body produces collagen to help cell regeneration. Collagen is a substance in the skin that gives the skin its structure and elasticity.
According to the American Board of Aesthetic Surgery, non-surgical ultrasound treatments such as HIFU can:
The type of ultrasound used for this procedure is different from the ultrasound used by doctors for medical imaging. HIFU uses high-energy waves to target specific areas of the body.
Experts also use HIFU to treat tumors in longer, more intense procedures that can last up to 3 hours in an MRI scanner.
Doctors usually start HIFU facial rejuvenation by cleaning selected areas of the face and applying gel. Then, they use handheld devices to emit ultrasonic waves for a short period of time. Each session usually lasts 30-90 minutes.
Some people report mild discomfort during treatment, and some people feel pain after treatment. The doctor may use a local anesthetic before the operation to help prevent this pain. Over-the-counter pain medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil), may also help.
Unlike other cosmetic procedures (including laser hair removal), HIFU facial care does not require any preparation. When a course of treatment is over, there is no recovery time, which means that people can continue their daily activities after receiving HIFU treatment.
Many reports say that HIFU facial treatments are effective. A 2018 review looked at 231 studies on the use of ultrasound technology. After analyzing studies involving ultrasound treatment of skin firmness, body firmness, and cellulite reduction, the researchers concluded that the technology is safe and effective.
The American Council of Aesthetic Surgery states that ultrasonic firming usually produces positive results within 2-3 months, and good skin care can help maintain these effects for up to 1 year.
A study on the effectiveness of HIFU facial treatment for Koreans found that the procedure is the most effective in improving the appearance of wrinkles around the chin, cheeks and mouth. Researchers compared standardized photos of participants before treatment with 3 months and 6 months after treatment.
Another study evaluated the effectiveness of HIFU facial treatments after 7 days, 4 weeks, and 12 weeks. After 12 weeks, the skin elasticity of the participants improved significantly in all treatment areas.
Other researchers studied the experiences of 73 women and two men receiving HIFU facials. The doctor who evaluated the results reported an 80% improvement in the skin of the face and neck, while the satisfaction of the participants was 78%.
There are various HIFU devices on the market. A study compared the results of two different devices by asking clinicians and people receiving HIFU facial care to evaluate the effect. Although participants reported differences in pain levels and overall satisfaction, the researchers concluded that both devices can effectively tighten the skin.
It is worth noting that each of the above studies only involved relatively few participants.
In general, evidence suggests that HIFU facial care has few side effects, although some people may experience pain and discomfort immediately after surgery.
The South Korean study concluded that the treatment had no serious side effects, although some participants reported:
In another study, researchers found that although some people who received HIFU treatment on their face or body reported pain immediately after treatment, after 4 weeks, they reported no pain.
Another study found that 25.3% of participants had pain after surgery but improved without any intervention.
High-intensity focused ultrasound face or HIFU face can be an effective way to reduce the signs of aging.
As a non-surgical technique, HIFU requires a shorter recovery time than surgery, but the results will not be so obvious. Nonetheless, the researchers found that the procedure can tighten sagging skin, smooth wrinkles and improve skin texture.
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Post time: Aug-06-2021